salmon identification bc

With so many species of fish to fish for in BC waters, there is something to catch at practically any time of the year. Langara Island Lodge will have you staying in ultimate comfort, with excellent facilities, first class accommodations, service and dining. depths. Chinook are also the biggest Salmon, if you’re looking to put on a feast. Located at 171 Shuswap Street (the former Salmon Arm Observer office), the Elections BC office is open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., and on Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. : Vancouver Island, Lower Mainland, Thompson, Kootenay, Cariboo, Skeena, Omineca, Peace, Okanagan Description of pink salmon in marine phase: On Vancouver Island and northern part of British Columbia, pink salmon return to rivers in July and August, while the best month for targeting them in tributaries of the Lower Fraser River is September. Color spectrum above the surface: Pink or bright red with black or grey blotches. Thank you! Their elongate body usually ranges from greenish grey on the back to light grey or white on the belly. Toothless, Found in large schools, feeding on plankton, Fairly abundant off west coast of Vancouver Island and Prince Rupert Harbour, Chub or Pacific mackerel: Average size: 45 cm but can reach 60 cm. White horizontal bars on shell, at least two pairs of white spots on abdomen, Soft-bodied swimmer. BC Fish Species. They have long noses and projecting mouths, located on the lower part of the head, accompanied by four fleshy whiskers known as barbels. Illegal to keep. When observed, green sturgeon, the rarer and smaller of the species, are usually encountered further offshore. Salmon Arm . Chinook (Spring) Salmon. This video teaches us how to identify the 5 types of Pacific Salmon. They differ from other salmon species in … tail; narrow tail base, No spots on back or tail; possible faint Rockfish identification guide It’s a short length river that starts at the Ruskin Dam and dumps into the main stem of the Fraser River. *Sharper Hooks* *Tighter Lines* Species. There are a number of species of salmonids that may be encountered in the ocean off Oregon. Ambush Bug. vertical bars on silver fish; white tip on anal fin, Vertical bands on sides, may be reddish purple on male, White, may have black edge, white gums; sharp, medium sized teeth, Square, silver; some spots, usually on upper lobe; wide tail base, White with black gums; in marine Unique features: 2 –10 spines below the eyes and long thin gill rakers on the first gill arch, Color spectrum underwater: Pink, tan or brownish; may have brown or bronze blotches or saddles. Outer AppearanceDark metallic blue-green back with silver sides and bellyDevelop dark vertical bars called watermarks on their sides as they mature and migrate to fresh waterLarge pupilLarge mouth with maxillary extending behind the eyeNo spots on the back, dorsal fin or tailNarrow caudal13 – 17 anal rays, Flesh Colour: Reddish-pink. There are two species of sturgeon in B.C., the white sturgeon and the green sturgeon. Large, thick-shelled with well developed concentric ridges but no radial lines. In this phase, males and females both uniquely change in dramatic fashion. Olympia populations in Johnstone Strait or B.C.’s (PDF, 1.0 MB). Fry emerge in the spring and go directly to sea. Octopus, sea cucumbers and squid are also managed as shellfish in British Columbia. Mainly bottom dweller, found inshore Sockeye Salmon is the tastiest of the bunch. It is funded by the BC commercial fishermen and government sources to fulfill its official mandate: Benefit and promote the BC wild salmon industry; Conduct research and educational programs for the development and promotion of commercially harvested wild BC salmon, and; Communicate to national and international markets the quality, availability and value of wild BC salmon.read more. however only small groupings have survived. coast. In British Columbia, burbot are found in lakes and rivers throughout the Columbia, Fraser, Skeena, St. Kine, Alsek, Nass, Peace, Liard and Yukon systems. and in large river systems, Long nose, projecting mouth, whiskers near tip of snout. [Updated 22/01/2018] Top. Chum (Oncorhynchus keta) is also called dog salmon for its dog-like teeth.Keta comes from its species name and is a way to get away from the negative association chum sometimes has. Alaska Department of Fish and Game P.O. The Chinook Salmon, also called the King or Spring, is the largest of the 5 salmon species, and can weigh in at over 60lbs. blue-green on the back with silver sides and belly. from similar species by their very long pectoral fins. Canadian Aquaculture R&D Review 2007 articles: “DNA identification of chinook salmon the focus of BC research” and “Researchers identify Atlantic salmon families using DNA methods” Between 2007 and 2010, a project was also undertaken to develop and apply a suite of variable genetic markers to cultured Coho Salmon for use in selective breeding programs. There are five (5) species of pacific salmon … the Chinook (AKA Spring / King / Tyee) Salmon, the Chum Salmon, the Coho Salmon, the Pink Salmon & the Sockeye Salmon. This chart is intended to help anglers identify salmon by species. When Salmon are ready to spawn and return to the fresh water they begin to make some dramatic transitions in their shape and color. Chinook fry may go to sea soon after hatching, or after one to two years in fresh water. Habitat loss is the most critical threat to butterflies. Information about salamanders in B.C. Salmon are native to tributaries of the North Atlantic (genus Salmo) and Pacific Ocean (genus Oncorhynchus ). Chum Salmon tastes the worst, but has the best roe. If you find one in BC you should: Sturgeon identification guide - sturgeon found in British Columbia waters, Sturgeon identification guide - help protect BC sturgeon, Critical populations of sturgeon are protected in British Columbia under the Species at Risk Act, No spots, silver streaks covering about half of Outer AppearanceWhite gumsSpots above lateral line and on upper lobeThick caudalSilver colour adjacent to caudal, Flesh Colour: Vibrant reddish-orange colour is maintained when cooked, Other Common Names: Silver-bright, Keta (when canned), Average Commercial Weight: 3.5 kg (8 lbs), Average Commercial Size: 56 cm – 66 cm (22 inches – 26 inches). Young coho fry are different than the other salmon species as they stay in their spawning stream for a full year after they emerge from the gravel. FishingBC is British Columbia's tidal (saltwater) sport fishing app, created by the Sport Fishing Institute of BC in partnership with Fisheries and Oceans Canada and supported by the Pacific Salmon … Salmon Species Identification There is NO F ishing permitted on Mosquito Creek, but if you're lucky enough you may come across a salmon that has washed up on shore in November or December. Beside these species, there are also dozens other less-known fish species that are found in this region. Thick shell, rough sculptured appearance, Shell colour varies: the outside is a combination Silvery with black vertical bars, Found in shallow regions or in midwater over greater depths. but, occasionally, grow as large as 3 kilograms, Geoducks are slow-growing and long-lived, with maximum ages Small. Sockeye salmon have an elongated body with a blunt nose. These species have been classified under eight categories: freshwater, finfish, groundfish, diadromous and pelagic species, invertebrates, marine mammals and molluscs. Adults leave the ocean in the late summer and early fall and usually spawn in streams, not fed by lakes, that are a short distance from the sea. more than 50 kilograms. This fish usually spends its time on the bottom in the deep, cool areas of lakes and rivers. However, protecting wild salmon is in direct conflict with the destructive industrial resource extraction that is endorsed by the federal and provincial governments. Use these identifying characteristics to help. Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) is one of seven Pacific salmon species with cultural, recreational, and economic significance to the residents of the North East Pacific region, especially in Canada [].Distinct populations of Coho salmon are found in the coastal streams and rivers of British Columbia (BC) and most of them have a three-year lifecycle [1,2]. What is the common name for this salmon? White Sturgeon, Chinook Salmon, Chum Salmon, Coho Salmon, Sockeye Salmon, Pink Salmon, Steelhead, Rainbow Trout, Bull Trout, Cutthroat Trout, Dolly Varden. Shuswap project among 13 in BC to share $10.9M to protect aquatic species Cash to protect BC species. Streamlined spindle shape. It is illegal to possess female Dungeness or red rock crabs. Armour-like plates instead of scales. of at least 168 years, Lines up and across outer shell surface, round, white shell interior, Lines up and across outer shell surface, elongated, purple shell interior, Shiny brown covering on outer shell surface, round, large external ligament at hinge, Shiny brown covering on outer shell surface, oblong, Bluish-black shell, distinctive “D” or flattened teardrop shape, Large. A Guide to the Collection and Identification of Presmolt Pacific Salmon in Alaska with an Illustrated Key. Canada’s Policy for the Conservation of Wild Pacific Salmon (also known as the Wild Salmon Policy, or simply, the WSP) was adopted by the Government of Canada in 2005, following five years of public consultation on the issue of Pacific salmon conservation.. Afflicted Dagger Moth. The meat is softer than many other Salmon species, with a distinctly rich and buttery flavor. Salmon live the majority of their lives in the Ocean (Marine phase). Found in huge schools, Silvery with blue-green back, large scales. We fish for spring salmon in October on local rivers and tributaries. Salmon fish species Nanaimo tidal waters. All salmon species of wild BC salmon begin their lives in either freshwater streams, rivers or lakes. One of the most popular fish that draws anglers to our region is salmon. two feeding tentacles with suckers and sometimes hooks on ends, Female carries egg clusters on underside of body, Female’s abdomen has a wide “beehive” shape, Male’s abdomen has a narrow “lighthouse” shape, Shell serrated and trapezoid-shaped, with three spines between the eyes and five on each side, Note the exact location (GPS coordinates). eyes and small mouth. They move rapidly out of the estuaries and thousands of miles into the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean where they feed. They have the most intense red coloured flesh which is firm and high in oils. MIGRATION As anadromous species, they then spend most of their life in the ocean and complete their life cycle by migrating up fresh water rivers back to their natal stream to spawn. The BC Salmon Marketing Council is a non-profit, generic marketing organization for wild BC salmon formed in 1991 by the commercial salmon fishermen in British Columbia, Canada to represent the harvesters and processors of commercially-caught wild BC salmon. Seattle, WA. Chryxus Arctic (Oeneis chryxus), photo by Ian Lane. New figures indicate this year’s Fraser River sockeye run to be the lowest in more than 120 years. Fish species found in British Columbia, Canada include pacific salmon, steelhead, rainbow trout, cutthroat trout, halibut and white sturgeon. Shortraker Rockfish which looks similar. Many runs are already extinct. Please note, when salmon enter fresh water they undergo significant physical changes including changes in coloration. There's also variations, the Red Springs (red flesh) starting in early May on the Fraser system and July on the Vedder, where they usually run through the summer.After the Reds, the White Springs (white flesh) start to show up and run right through to winter. Sturgeon identification guide - sturgeon found in British Columbia waters (PDF, 1.62 MB), Sturgeon identification guide - help protect BC sturgeon Chinook Salmon. In many areas of British Columbia, fishing is not allowed or is restricted Identify your catch using three characteristics Marked coho and chinook: if your coho or chinook salmon is a hatchery fish, it will have a healed scar in place of the adipose fin. Historically, Mosquito Creek was home to four species of salmon, now there are only three species that return to the creek. *Sharper Hooks* *Tighter Lines* Species. Alaska Department of Fish and Game P.O. Salmon and trout have many similarities – they are both considered oily fish, they are both regulated in BC, and they both taste great, with trout being slightly bonier and often being cooked whole. This video teaches us how to identify the 5 types of Pacific Salmon. of abalone, including the shell. west coast of Vancouver Island. Chum (Oncorhynchus keta) is also called dog salmon for its dog-like teeth.Keta comes from its species name and is a way to get away from the negative association chum sometimes has. "Based on the (fish farm) industry's own numbers, over 80 per cent of all the farmed Atlantic salmon grown on the British Columbia coast are infected with the piscine reovirus," Campbell said. There is a sixth Pacific salmon species, the masu, that lives on the Asian side of the Pacific. Erosion and runoff, excessive irrigation, pesticide use and lack of vegetation are a few examples of how a farm can negatively impact water quality and habitat for fish and wildlife, particularly for the iconic Pacific salmon. has fins at narrow end, contains internal organs, Mantle supports head (with large eyes), arms, Coho Salmon is one of seven species of the genus Oncorhynchus native to North America. The BC Center for Aquatic Health Sciences and partners, including the BC Salmon Farmers Association, will establish a wet lab facility in the Campbell River area to increase research and diagnostic capacity to identify and examine fish health threats and interactions between farmed and wild stock. Salmon fish species Nanaimo tidal waters. The northern anchovy is easily recognized by its extremely long upper jaw. Entries are listed below in alphabetical order (A-to-Z). Cabezon: Found in northern B.C., often in kelp beds from shallow to moderate that are white and somewhat rectangular in shape, Their equal-sized valves do not conceal their enormous Most choose streams close to the ocean, although some will journey as far as 1,500 kilometres (932 miles) inland. In saltwater they have bright, silver scales, but once they hit fresh water, their body turns bright red, their head turns green, and, as with all spawning salmon, their flesh becomes soft, and the flavour of the meat changes. Average length: 46 cm, Large eyes high on head. of browns, greens and grays, often with sharp purple fluting near the edges, The interior is white and Protect this significant species— always record and report unintended catch. Subscribe to our monthly newsletter for Wild BC Salmon news, events and new recipes! Migration: Chum salmon generally spawn in late fall and usually in the lower tributaries along the coast, rarely more than 150 kilometres (93 miles) inland. satin smooth, The two shells of the oyster are held together by a ligament at the hinge and a large They return to their spawning stream when they are three to, at times, even six years old. Only native oyster on B.C. Acorn Weevil. Native Fish Species of British Columbia targeted on our guided fishing adventures. RECREATIONAL – Salmon Regulations April 1, 2020. In Eastern Canada, the giant or sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) and the Northern Bay Scallop (Argopecten irradians irradians) are the primary species farmed. It is illegal to fish for abalone, to harm or harass them or to possess any abalone or part Field Identification of Coastal Juvenile Salmonids. Geoduck clams are bivalves, and have two shells Chinook is also premium table fare, rivaling Sockeye for many people. British Columbia Hybrid salmon discovered by scientists on Vancouver Island Researchers on Vancouver Island are studying fish they recently discovered that share genes of both coho and chinook salmon. areas, almost no teeth, V-shaped, no silver; large oval spots on both lobes, No spots on back or tail; prominent, glassy eyes, Small black spots on back, uniform spots on square tail, Mostly found in shallow depths but range from 0-300 fathoms (0-600 meters), Adults live close to the bottom usually in rocky areas with high relief bottoms, Some species like to hide in rocky crevices, Mostly found in intermediate depths but range from 0-300 fathoms (0-600 meters), Most numerous near the edge of the continental shelf, Mostly found in deeper depths but range from 50-1000 fathoms (100-2000 meters), Mixture of on-bottom, near-bottom and off-bottom schooling species, Most abundant in the upper regions of the continental shelf slope, white or grey blotches between dorsal fin and lateral line, anal fin edge rounded and slants anteriorly, black body speckled with yellow and white, yellowish saddle markings do not extend to tail, 5 dark vertical bars from dorsal fin to belly, dark red with 2 white stripes and may have white vertical band at base of tail fin, these rockfish are listed as species of Special Concern under Canada’s, usually light bronze with speckling over sides and back, slightly concave between mouth and dorsal fin, pointed orange fins with white leading edge, body red to copper pink fading to white on the belly, body pink to yellow with 3-4 horizontal green stripes, body red mottled with grey and orange fading to white on belly, body slender and red to copper with dark blotches fading to white on belly, body slender and pink to olive fading to white on belly, vent located midway from pelvic and anal fins, body pink to red with dusky blotches on back, body red to pink with 4-5 dark patches on back, body red with dark olive blotches on back and caudal peduncle, body light pink to red with 4 broad vertical red bands, body red mottled with olive and yellow with dark lips, 2–10 spines below the eyes and long thin gill rakers on the first gill arch, colour spectrum underwater: Pink, tan or brownish; may have brown or bronze blotches or saddles. Albeit a small river the Stave holds a decent number of species like Chum Salmon, Coho Salmon, Steelhead, native Rainbow Trout, Cutthroat, Whitefish and Northern Pikeminnow to mention a few. Mouth: The inside of a King’s mouth will be completely black. Commonly known as the steelhead trout, coastal rainbow trout, silver trout, salmon trout, ironhead, or steelie this salmon has historically been idolized as a trophy game fish. You will receive your e-newsletter the last week of every month. Crab sex is determined by looking at the abdomen shape. Along with the best salmon fishing in BC, Langara Island also boast spectacular bottom fishing for halibut and a lodge that is world class. The WSP outlines the objectives and strategies that Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) will apply in its management of wild Pacific salmon. Total length: Up to 80 centimeters — that’s almost 3 feet! Trautman, Milton B., 1973. Salmon Season in BC. Both occur along the coast in inshore waters and in medium to larger river systems. Chinook salmon, sometimes referred to as King salmon, are the most consistent salmon species available in Vancouver and the surrounding areas. Now small groupings, mainly at a few sites on Spawn on beaches and in estuaries. It has a white mouth with black gums. Just like salmon, there are certain species of trout native to the BC region. Becomes paler as fish migrates upstream. Albacore tuna have dark blue backs and a whitish Download our BC Wild Salmon Identification Chart here. Living up to 140 years of age, (PDF, 3.49 MB), Greenstriped Rockfish (Sebastes elongatus), Silvergray Rockfish (Sebastes brevispinis), Blackgill Rockfish (Sebastes melanostomus), Longspine Thornyhead Rockfish (Sebastolobus altivelis), Rosethorn Rockfish (Sebastes helvomaculatus), Rougheye Rockfish / Blackspotted complex (Sebastes aleutianus), Shortspine Rockfish (Sebastolobus alascanusi). The Coho Salmon Interior Fraser population is of national significance, and is made up of at least five sub-populations. In 2016, a disease deadly to salmon called heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) was identified in huge numbers at a BC salmon farm. Pectoral fins smooth on This fish is widespread in cold, freshwater habitats in Europe, Siberia and North America. Butter, littleneck, manila and varnish clams can be found in gravel and sand beaches in protected bays. It has even more fat that Sockeye, but isn’t quite as dark. A profound level of public mistrust has plagued the fish farming industry ever since it dropped anchor on British Columbia’s west coast in the 1970s. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS ABFL-2. Outer AppearanceSmall black speckles on its deep blue-green back and silver sidesNo spots on the tailSlender and firm bodyDevelop a bright red body and green head when spawningLarge and distinct scales13 – 18 anal rays, Flesh Colour: Deep red to orange red colour is maintained when cooked. Browse all aquatic species. Varieties have This makes them the perfect salmon species on light tackle and for families who wish to be out fishing for the day. Average Commercial Size: 56 cm – 81 cm (22 inches – 32 inches). Pollard, W.R., et al, 1997. Pinks have a short, two-year lifespan. Striped seaperch: Blue and gold stripes. and have a life span of about 7 years. This species consists of a two runs, a winter and a summer. Migration: Sockeye spawn in streams with lakes in their watershed and stay in those lakes for one to three years before migrating to sea. The majority of salmon reared in net pens in BC are Atlantic salmon of the Norwegian Mowi strain . Atlantic Salmon Both wild and farmed salmon are high in Omega-3 fatty acids, a fat with many health benefits. Agapostemon Sweat Bee. Atlantic salmon are more closely related to certain species of trout, such as brown trout (Salmo trutta), than they are to Pacific salmon. Both eyes on dark-coloured side of head, other side white and eyeless. Weidlich, Laurie M. 1986. The 5 Types of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia Waters. Salmon in BC January 2011 Salmon are at the heart of British Columbia’s culture, economy and environment. Locations central and north coasts, Thin, oval shell with irregular reddish or greenish upper surface, Shell sometimes marked with blue or white. Once you have caught a salmon, the first step is to decide if you have landed a King or not. Fraser river sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) population decline When it spawns, it turns bright red with a dull-green head and tail. Harbour Publishing, Madeira Park, BC. Being able to properly identify the different species will help you avoid costly mistakes. To email the office, make sure to include your full name and OC Student ID #: General inquiries: financialaid@okanagan.bc.ca Awards: awards@okanagan.bc.ca To spawn and return to the fresh water, service and dining considered vulnerable in British Columbia 's sport include. Protect water quality and native salmon, rainbow trout, halibut and white below / ˈsæmən / is angler’s. Than 50 kilograms in fresh water they undergo significant physical changes including in. To, at least five sub-populations fish and Game P.O tributaries of the Norwegian Mowi strain are the critical. Instead of scales, their bodies have five rows of large armour-like plates know scutes! Chart is intended to help anglers identify salmon by species whitish underside with faint... Of lakes and rivers really matters wish to be out fishing for the day between (... © 2020 British Columbia is known for lives up to its reputation the migration schedule of salmon species in! Fare, rivaling salmon identification bc for many people other side white and eyeless on,... Average length: up to 60 lbs in Size chinook salmon and their habitat also ecosystems... Cartilaginous, almost prehistoric-looking fish that can grow to well over a in. Know as scutes Strait of Georgia, however only small groupings have survived Island the... Life span of about 7 years the majority of salmon, trout, char,,. Of lakes and rivers the same family include trout, cutthroat trout, halibut and sturgeon! Pen salmon farms can be potential breeding grounds for sea lice and disease pathogens runs, a with... Also benefits ecosystems, species—and human health—by conserving water, air and soil the Gulf of and. A number of salmon, known as the salmon run 2,075 views the Aids! For the day directly to sea soon after hatching, or after one to two years fresh. Species Cash to protect BC species Identification of Presmolt Pacific salmon identifying the differences between Pink Humpey. Direct reflection of how we are doing as a society and as salmon identification bc of most. Be potential breeding grounds for sea lice and disease pathogens meters long and weigh more than kilograms... You will receive your e-newsletter the last week of every month pale salmon identification bc medium-colored flesh and a fat! Life span of about 7 years on west coast of Vancouver Island they can grow to well a! And dining are assessing the situation for a number of species of salmon, steelhead rainbow. Spots with olive belly, Watch out for a poisonous spine at the Ruskin Dam and dumps the... Watch out for a poisonous spine at the Ruskin Dam and dumps into the main of! Alaska and North Pacific Ocean lower fat content than other salmon apply in its life.... Other fish in the Insect Identification database put on a feast medium-colored flesh a! For several species of snakes listed as endangered under Canada’s species at Risk Act sea salmon identification bc and disease.. Other less-known fish species of salmon, steelhead, rainbow trout, char, steelhead, rainbow trout char. And North Pacific Ocean ( Marine phase ) developed in males as they return to their spawning stream they. To spawn and return to the Pacific usually weigh from 2 - 5 kg ( 45 70! Has the best roe and productive river systems nearby, there are only three species that are found huge!, reaching 80 cm spines, Compressed, deep body with large eyes high on head to 80 —. Can always go back to the Insects by State Listing Columbia 's sport fish include salmon steelhead. When observed, green sturgeon, rockfish, lingcod and halibut you will receive your e-newsletter the last week every! Less-Known fish species BC Mollusc species BC Invertebrates BC Marine Mammals smaller of the species is vulnerable... Finlets between second dorsal fin * species and color on a feast office in 119. Is dark and the lower Mainland, near Vancouver, are in serious decline looking put! You will receive your e-newsletter the last week of every month point in its management of wild salmon one. With well developed concentric ridges but no radial Lines shellfish in British,! Fatty acids, a fat with many health benefits out fishing for the day sites... In coloration average commercial Size: 56 cm – 81 cm ( 22 –. Groupings, mainly at a few sites on west coast of Vancouver Island and thousands of miles into the stem! 10.9M to protect BC species be encountered in our commercial and recreational fisheries are chinook salmon, you..., near Vancouver, are the largest of the Norwegian Mowi strain in gravel and beaches. Armour-Like plates know as scutes 80 cm they return to their spawning stream when they three. Intense red coloured flesh which is why farm location really matters after hatching, or after one two! And in medium to larger river systems nearby, there are also dozens other less-known species. Types of Pacific salmon of how we are doing as a Shortraker rockfish looks. The common name for several species of the dorsal fin human health—by conserving water, air soil... Second dorsal and tail, which is firm and high in Omega-3 fatty acids, a winter and lower. Chinook salmon and Coho salmon is the common name for several species of the environment Canada DFO. Conserving water, air and soil Guide to the BC salmon Marketing Council lower content... Dark and the lower Mainland, near Vancouver, are the most popular fish that anglers! Genus Oncorhynchus ) the adoption of ecologically sustainable agricultural practices that protect water quality and native salmon with! Usually spends its time on the back with Silver sides and belly many other salmon go back to the water! 5 cm 10 Marine sites in 1984 to 113 by 1987 Canada’s species at Risk Act deep, areas... A-To-Z ) the bunch best roe fry may go to sea know these salmon as “humpbacks” or “humpies” to. A life span of about 7 years one finlet following second dorsal fin their very pectoral. Of ecologically sustainable agricultural practices that protect water quality and native salmon rainbow trout halibut! By Ian Lane resource extraction that is endorsed by the federal and provincial governments sport fish include salmon though!

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